At the same time that automation replaces manpower

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While automation replaces manpower, more occupations are emerging.

in the previous presidential election, many people believed that automation and robots had increased the unemployment rate in the United States to some extent. But trump, who was still a candidate at that time, diverted the public's attention, claiming that Mexico and China had reduced the employment rate of the United States, and that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) posed a threat to the U.S. manufacturing industry

in fact, the trump administration today, as always, deliberately belittles the impact of automation on the U.S. economy. Once it is recognized and even valued, it will run counter to the policies issued under the banner of improving the labor situation

last Friday, Steve mnuchin, the new finance minister, said in an interview that artificial intelligence and automation will not replace human labor in the next few years. In other words, these science and technology will bring positive effects, rather than the negative effects that the public is worried about

nevertheless, the public still did not buy it. The New York Times once published an article explaining that in the long run, it is not China that leads to the high unemployment rate in the United States, but automation. The associated press has also reported that automation and robots are the reasons why many factory workers lose their jobs

therefore, we can clearly see that technology is indeed replacing human labor

then someone asked, will this unemployment rate continue to rise, even higher than the historical record? Can we still keep our jobs under such circumstances? Will the gap between the educated and the non educated become wider and wider

it is obvious that the government cannot provide convincing answers to these complex problems. They play the role of villains and use hype, which will only magnify the negative impact of these problems. Therefore, both the government and the industry should pay attention to the problem of automation and try their best to solve the problem of unemployment while maintaining manufacturing and innovation

unemployment problem

although many companies and groups supporting automation believe that the reports that automation causes factory workers to lose their jobs are spreading rumors. But in fact, they have to admit that in the short term, automation is indeed a factor leading to the unemployment of American workers

Bohr State University in the United States has done a study, and the results show that since the 21st century, automation has led to the unemployment of many workers. Between 2000 and 2010, the unemployment rate in the U.S. manufacturing industry hit a record high

based on the official data of the U.S. Bureau of labor statistics, the report points out that from 1994 to 2000, the employment in the U.S. manufacturing industry has been increasing; However, after 2000, the situation was not very optimistic, and the number of unemployed reached 5million; However, the report also mentioned that although the number of unemployed has increased, the production capacity has also increased accordingly

Michael J. Hicks and Srikant devaraj, two authors of the report, said: after deducting inflation, the average output of workers in 1998 was much lower than now. There are many reasons, the most important is that these departments have made great progress in automation and information technology during that period

Colin Parris, vice president of software research at GE, was very direct when talking about this problem: to be honest, automation will inevitably lead to the unemployment of some workers

the only solution is to train existing talents. Because robots and automation can help reduce costs, we must be open to them in the future. But from another perspective, if the cost is reduced, the innovation budget will be more. With a larger budget, we can develop more new products. The unit weight of new product thermal insulation materials is an important index to determine the thermal conductivity, strength and dimensional stability of plates, and I need to hire more R & D and promotion talents

to be honest, this trend has appeared before. As early as the industrial revolution, science and technology had an impact on the labor force. Automation has not only reduced the number of people employed, but also changed the types of jobs. At the beginning of the 20th century, 41% of American jobs were related to agriculture. But a century later, this figure has fallen to 1.9%

as the saying goes, when God closes a door for you, he must open a window. Automation will not lead to unemployment for everyone. A representative of a technology company said in an interview that most of those who lost their jobs due to automation were concentrated in the same position

we can also see this from a research report released by Boston University in the second half of 2015. James E. bessen, the author of the report, pointed out that in general, automation will not replace those more important positions. In addition, there are many reasons for cutting a position. Sometimes, it is because the market demand for this position has decreased, such as apartment administrator; Sometimes, it's because the technology used in this position is outdated, such as telegraph operator. However, it is rare to cancel a certain position due to automation, such as elevator attendant

supporters of automation say that even if automation will lead to a continuous rise in unemployment in the future, it will only focus on jobs that no one is willing to do

Bob Doyle from the Association for advanced automation said: in the era of automation, companies will eliminate a kind of position, which is usually called 3D position, that is, dull, dirty and dangerous. These employees may be able to change to other positions after leaving their original positions, creating more value for the company

last month, Carl Vause, CEO of soft robotics, an industrial automatic fixture manufacturer, said in an interview: the company lacks packaging workers, and the turnover rate of this position is very high. Therefore, we hope to find an automated solution that can complete the packaging work in a warehouse with a high temperature of 40 degrees

David autor, an economist from MIT, also believes that automation will only replace the work we don't want us to do

although his remarks are not as radical as those of his peers, he pointed out that people's increasing dependence on professional machines has indeed led to a widening gap between the rich and the poor. This is a vicious circle. With the rise of unemployment, workers are almost unlikely to receive the education they need to get rid of poverty

he went on to say: it is undeniable that automation has indeed had a huge impact on the labor structure and the return brought by the learned skills. But I don't think it is the culprit causing the current rise in unemployment. Of course, automation not only reduces the job opportunities of the less educated, but also brings a lot of social and even political impact

short term and long term

although automation may replace many human labor forces in the short term, this gap can be filled in the end, just like the example of agriculture mentioned above. Another important point is that with the popularization of automation, the production capacity and business profits of enterprises have increased significantly, so that there can be more funds to expand the scale and hire more employees

Doyle said: many middle-income companies, after adopting automation and robots, do not dismiss employees, but realize the value of human resources, especially the value of long-term employees. Of course, some companies are conservative in this regard. I think as long as they find that automation can help companies make 8 After loading and supporting the cylinder, the tool that should rotate the exhibition will be readily accepted. After the adoption of robots, the positions required by the company have also changed, which makes many people frustrated, because most of these positions require an engineer degree or other professional skills

Neil Kinson, chief of staff of Redwood software, a robot company, said in an interview: some people are alarmist, saying that human work will completely disappear by 2020. But in fact, at that time, with the progress of all kinds of science and technology, I don't know how many new jobs we haven't even heard of. What we should expect is the ability to develop new services to promote growth and employment

improve competitiveness

no matter whether automation will lead to unemployment, the company will continue to develop robots and automation technology. For most enterprises, their bottom line is that these negative losses can be offset by the improvement of production capacity and the reduction of production costs

Ginni rometty, CEO of IBM, recently proposed a new concept called new jobs, which refers to jobs brought about by emerging technologies such as automation and artificial intelligence

in a letter to trump, rometty said: the country needs to focus on infrastructure investment and make comprehensive use of IOT and AI technology to improve efficiency in all aspects

in short, automation technology will not only replace part of the labor force, but also create new jobs. In order to achieve development, companies must open their minds to meet emerging technologies

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